Sunday, January 1, 2012

surgery to remove the gallbladder

In the surgical removal of the gallbladder, a surgeon makes an incision (cut) in your belly to open and view the area. The surgeon then removes your gallbladder by reaching in through the incision and gently lifting.

The surgery is done while you are under general anesthesia (unconscious and unable to feel pain).

The surgeon makes an incision of 5 to 7 inches in the upper right abdomen, just below the ribs, and cut the bile duct and blood vessels leading to the gallbladder. Then he removed the gallbladder.

During surgery, you will use special x-ray called a cholangiogram. This involves squirting some dye into your common bile duct. This duct will be left in after gallbladder removed. The dye helps locate other stones that may be outside of the gallbladder. If any are found, the surgeon can remove these other stones with a special medical instrument.

The open surgical removal of the gallbladder takes about an hour.

Why is the procedure:

The doctor may recommend surgery to remove the gallbladder if you have gallstones or your gallbladder is not functioning normally (biliary dyskinesia).

You may have some or all of these symptoms:

Pain after eating, usually in the upper right or middle abdomen (epigastric pain)
Nausea and vomiting
Infection (cholecystitis)
The most common way is to remove the gallbladder using a medical instrument called a laparoscope. See also: laparoscopic removal of the gallbladder

Other reasons for this surgery include:

You have had many surgeries in this part of your belly in the past
Respiratory problems
Severe liver problems
Bleeding problems
You are in their third trimester of pregnancy